Conferencia “Effects of mindfulness on brain electrical activity” (Resumen)

En el marco del Taller Science Art & Cognition 2018, la Dra. Araceli Sanz Martin, dará la conferencia titulada “Effects of mindfulness on brain electrical activity” el viernes 28 de septiembre.

—–Para conocer el programa del taller haz click aquí—–

—–Para hacer la aplicación al registro del taller haz click aquí—-

 

“Effects of mindfulness on brain electrical activity”

Dra. Araceli Sanz1, Mtro. Arturo Ron1, Mtro. Rubén D Castañeda2 y María Esparza2.

1 Laboratorio de Estrés y Neurodesarrollo del Instituto de Neurociencias de la UdeG;
2 Centro de Atención Terapéutica (CEDAT).

Mindfulness comprises a series of techniques oriented to the focus of attention in the experience of the present moment. Several studies have suggested that the regular practice of these techniques can represent an intervention tool in clinical conditions, since this can favor behavioral changes, as well as brain structure and activity. In this regard, works of electroencephalography and image not only have reported changes in activity and brain structure during the exercise of mindfulness, but also, long-term changes that persist beyond the exercise of this technique, mainly in areas such as the prefrontal cortex, the insula, the hippocampus, the corpus callosum and the amygdala, as well as in tracts that interconnect these structures. These changes have been associated with a greater ability to regulate attention and emotion, as well as an increase in prosocial behavior and executive functioning.

In particular, some studies that have evaluated EEG activity before and after mindfulness training, have reported changes in the activity of the alpha and theta bands (mainly), characterized by a generalized decrease in absolute power and increase in the correlation between frontal and central areas. These changes have been related to alertness, attention and sensory receptivity, which can favor more complex processes such as emotional regulation and various executive functions.

As well as “scientific mindfulness”, there are also other techniques based on meditation, which requires a detailed approach based on techniques that allow knowing, explaining and differentiating the mechanisms at the brain level that underlie the changes reported in behavioral and cognitive aspects.

In our laboratory, we have studied the effects of mindfulness training in the executive functioning and EEG activity of both high school adolescents with low academic performance and behavior problems as well as young people in conflict with the law. In the first study, sixteen males aged 12-14 years were evaluated and integrated two groups: mindfulness and control. We found an increase in both performances in tasks measuring executive functioning and in the right intrafrontal EEG correlation in the alpha1 and alpha2 bands. In the second study, sixty-five young males aged 15-23 years who had committed a violent crime were evaluated. Thirty nine males were assigned to the mindfulness group and twenty six to the control group. After the treatment, the mindfulness group presented a significant increase in performance in tasks related to the follow-up of rules and the risk-benefit processing, as well as an increase in the reaction time and decrease of the impulsive responses in a stop-signal task. In addition, this group showed an increase in the right intra-hemispheric correlation in the delta, theta and gamma bands, among frontal, central and parietal areas.

In conclusion, the practice of mindfulness improves executive functioning especially in those processes that have to do with inhibition and risk taking. This is associated with an increase in right functional connectivity both between the frontal regions and between the fronto-central and fronto-parietal areas.

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Science Art & Cognition (2nd Transdisciplinary Workshop)

Science, Art and Cognition 2
September 24th – 28th, 2018
Cuernavaca, Morelos, México

The aim of this event is to foster in an informal environment, a vivid discussion between experts and students working at the interface between art and science. Of particular interest are the cognitive processes involved in their research.

The main topics of the event are:

– Visual Arts, Music and Multimedia
– Statistical Physics, Nonlinearity, Computer Sciences and Complexity
– Neuroscience and Cognition

This meeting intents to encourage discussions and promote future collaborations between research groups.

Applications are now closed!

Participants

Alejandra Ciria (UNAM)
Alejandra España (Visual Artist)
Araceli Sanz Martín (Instituto de Neurociencias – UDG)
Enrique Flores (UNAM)
Jaime Lobato (UNAM)
Julieta Ramos Loyo (Instituto de Neurociencias – UDG)
Luis Lemus (UNAM)
Manolo Cocho (UNAM)
Manon Grube (Center for Music in the Brain, Aarhus Univ. Denmark )
Panayotis Mavromatis (New York University – Department of Music and Performing Arts Professions)

Organizers

Francisco Fernandez de Miguel – Instituto de Biología Celular UNAM
Bruno Lara – Centro de Investigación en Ciencias-UAEM
Markus Müller – Centro de Investigación en Ciencias-UAEM

Program

Download Program Here

Venue

The Gathering will take place at the Centro Internacional de Ciencias (CIC), which is located on the campus of the Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos (UAEM) in Cuernavaca, Mexico.

Arrival Information

Arriving at the airport in Mexico City, we recommend to take the direct bus “Pullman de Morelos” to Cuernavaca. At terminal 1, the ticket counter is located inside the airport on the second floor (flights arrive on the first floor). At terminal 2, the ticket counter is located outside the arrival area. All buses start from terminal 1 but stop at terminal 2. Buses operate from 04:00 to 00:30 daily, approximately every 30 minutes. The ticket costs 250 Mexican Pesos (14 US Dollars). It takes about 90 minutes to Cuernavaca, depending on the traffic. You will arrive in Cuernavaca at the “Casino de la Selva” bus station, from where you can take a radio taxi to the hotel. We recommend to buy the taxi ticket inside the bus station at the counter.

Accomodation

Please contact the organizers for more information: scienceartcognition@gmail.com

Addresses

CIC (Centro Internacional de Ciencias)
Avenida Universidad 1001
Campus UAEM-UNAM
Tel. +52 (777) 329-1877/6
Beside the “Instituto de Biotecnologia”

CONTACT: scienceartcognition@gmail.com

Convocatoria: Seminario de investigación ciclo 2018-2

El día 16 de agosto de 2018 daremos inicio con las sesiones de nuestro seminario de investigación. En esta ocasión, las sesiones se realizarán los días jueves a partir de las 9:00 hrs. en el Salón 1 del Centro de Investigación en Ciencias de la Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos.

Por este medio, invitamos a todos los estudiantes e investigadores interesados en participar en nuestro seminario, ya sea con una ponencia o sólo acompañándonos para escuchar las interesantes charlas de nuestros expositores.

El tema general es “Sistemas Complejos” y queremos conocer el aporte que realizan todas las personas y grupos de investigación que desde su disciplina de conocimiento, adoptan este enfoque para estudiar un fenómeno.

En sesiones anteriores hemos tenido muy interesantes ponencias por parte de físicos, matemáticos, biólogos, psicólogos y neurocientíficos. Tenemos un interés particular en el estudio del cerebro, el fenómeno de acción conjunta (joint-action), métodos para el análisis de datos de sistemas biológicos, la relación entre música, cerebro y cognición, así como con diversos temas orientados a las Ciencias Cognitivas.

Si te interesa participar con nosotros, unirte a la lista de correos para conocer las charlas que se impartirán cada semana o deseas más información, escríbenos a complexsyslab@gmail.com

IMPORTANTE: A los ponentes se les entregará una constancia de participación.

Estímulos acústicos podrían mejorar el rendimiento de un equipo de futbol

Artículo publicado por el portal de la Agencia Infomativa Conacyt sobre la investigación que se realiza en nuestro laboratorio en torno a la música y su influencia en procesos cognitivos y joint action.

Cuernavaca, Morelos. 21 de marzo de 2017 (Agencia Informativa Conacyt).- En el Laboratorio de Sistemas Complejos del Centro de Investigación en Ciencias de la Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos (CIC-UAEM), el grupo de investigación del doctor Markus Franziskus Mueller estudia de qué manera los estímulos acústicos pueden conducir espontáneamente a un mejor desempeño cognitivo…”

Artículo completo: http://www.conacytprensa.mx/index.php/ciencia/salud/13755-estimulos-acusticos-podrian-mejorar-rendimiento-equipo-futbol

Seminario de investigación, ciclo 2016-2

El día viernes 12 de agosto de 2016 se reanudará el seminario de investigación de este año. Todos los viernes a las 11:00 hrs. se presentarán investigaciones relacionadas con nuevas técnicas de análisis de datos, física, matemáticas, ciencias cognitivas, neurociencias, psicología, biología y demás áreas que aborden desde su disciplina los sistemas complejos.

Se invita a todos los interesados a asistir y/o proponer algún paper para su revisión. Asimismo, la invitación se extiende a todos los estudiantes e investigadores de la UAEM y de otras instituciones a exponer su trabajo de investigación con el fin de realizar junto con los asistentes, una sesión de retroalimentación.

Para participar en el seminario y para mayores informes, favor de enviar un correo a la siguiente dirección: complexsystemslab@gmail.com

IMPORTANTE: Habrá café.