Science Art & Cognition Workshop 2018, memorias.

En esta segunda edición del taller Science, Art & Cognition se logró una asistencia constante durante toda la semana. Artistas de diversas disciplinas, psicólogos, biólogos, físicos, neurocientíficos, matemáticos y computólogos entre muchos otros, nos reunimos para intercambiar ideas y encontrar rutas de trabajo interdisciplinar con un mismo fin: conocer.

La participación de los asistentes fue muy activa y la retroalimentación que obtuvo cada uno de los proyectos presentados fue enriquecedora. El evento se llevó a cabo en un ambiente de camaradería en el cual se gestaron amistades y proyectos a futuro.

Desde su inicio, este fue el espíritu del taller. Crear un espacio informal en el que todos tuvieran voz y pudieran compartir su conocimiento y sus dudas con los demás.

Los esperamos en próximas ediciones y agradecemos la motivación y el trabajo realizado por todos los asistentes.

 

 

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Conferencia “It’s about Time – in the Human Brain: behavioural, neuropsychological and neuroimaging findings” por Manon Grube (Resumen)

En el marco del Taller Science Art & Cognition 2018, la PhD Manon Grube (Center for Music in the Brain, Aarhus Univ. Denmark ) , dará la conferencia titulada “It’s about Time – in the Human Brain: behavioural, neuropsychological and neuroimaging findings” el jueves 27 de septiembre.

—–Para conocer el programa del taller haz click aquí—–

—–Para hacer la aplicación al registro del taller haz click aquí—-

 

Abstract

It’s about Time – in the Human Brain: behavioural, neuropsychological and neuroimaging findings

Rhythm and timing are critical to music and speech, and the perception of rhythm and time is a most fascinating field to study to me. My research tackles mechanisms of perceptual timing, phenomenally and neurally, and in terms of their relevance. In my talk I will present an overview on my work on rhythm perception, integrating studies in neurological patients, healthy adults and children. I will first introduce the apparent distinction between beat-based and duration-based timing  (patients, TMS, fMRI). From there, I move on to advocate a tight yoking between the two, by discussing their links to language skill during adolescent development, as well as observations from non-beat based predictive timing. As a finishing note I will come back to beat-based rhythm processing, and present unpublished and on-going work on the neural correlates in the EEG.

 

Image: https://pixabay.com/en/time-clock-watches-time-of-2798570/

Conferencia “Effects of mindfulness on brain electrical activity” (Resumen)

En el marco del Taller Science Art & Cognition 2018, la Dra. Araceli Sanz Martin, dará la conferencia titulada “Effects of mindfulness on brain electrical activity” el viernes 28 de septiembre.

—–Para conocer el programa del taller haz click aquí—–

—–Para hacer la aplicación al registro del taller haz click aquí—-

 

“Effects of mindfulness on brain electrical activity”

Dra. Araceli Sanz1, Mtro. Arturo Ron1, Mtro. Rubén D Castañeda2 y María Esparza2.

1 Laboratorio de Estrés y Neurodesarrollo del Instituto de Neurociencias de la UdeG;
2 Centro de Atención Terapéutica (CEDAT).

Mindfulness comprises a series of techniques oriented to the focus of attention in the experience of the present moment. Several studies have suggested that the regular practice of these techniques can represent an intervention tool in clinical conditions, since this can favor behavioral changes, as well as brain structure and activity. In this regard, works of electroencephalography and image not only have reported changes in activity and brain structure during the exercise of mindfulness, but also, long-term changes that persist beyond the exercise of this technique, mainly in areas such as the prefrontal cortex, the insula, the hippocampus, the corpus callosum and the amygdala, as well as in tracts that interconnect these structures. These changes have been associated with a greater ability to regulate attention and emotion, as well as an increase in prosocial behavior and executive functioning.

In particular, some studies that have evaluated EEG activity before and after mindfulness training, have reported changes in the activity of the alpha and theta bands (mainly), characterized by a generalized decrease in absolute power and increase in the correlation between frontal and central areas. These changes have been related to alertness, attention and sensory receptivity, which can favor more complex processes such as emotional regulation and various executive functions.

As well as “scientific mindfulness”, there are also other techniques based on meditation, which requires a detailed approach based on techniques that allow knowing, explaining and differentiating the mechanisms at the brain level that underlie the changes reported in behavioral and cognitive aspects.

In our laboratory, we have studied the effects of mindfulness training in the executive functioning and EEG activity of both high school adolescents with low academic performance and behavior problems as well as young people in conflict with the law. In the first study, sixteen males aged 12-14 years were evaluated and integrated two groups: mindfulness and control. We found an increase in both performances in tasks measuring executive functioning and in the right intrafrontal EEG correlation in the alpha1 and alpha2 bands. In the second study, sixty-five young males aged 15-23 years who had committed a violent crime were evaluated. Thirty nine males were assigned to the mindfulness group and twenty six to the control group. After the treatment, the mindfulness group presented a significant increase in performance in tasks related to the follow-up of rules and the risk-benefit processing, as well as an increase in the reaction time and decrease of the impulsive responses in a stop-signal task. In addition, this group showed an increase in the right intra-hemispheric correlation in the delta, theta and gamma bands, among frontal, central and parietal areas.

In conclusion, the practice of mindfulness improves executive functioning especially in those processes that have to do with inhibition and risk taking. This is associated with an increase in right functional connectivity both between the frontal regions and between the fronto-central and fronto-parietal areas.