Conferencia “It’s about Time – in the Human Brain: behavioural, neuropsychological and neuroimaging findings” por Manon Grube (Resumen)

En el marco del Taller Science Art & Cognition 2018, la PhD Manon Grube (Center for Music in the Brain, Aarhus Univ. Denmark ) , dará la conferencia titulada “It’s about Time – in the Human Brain: behavioural, neuropsychological and neuroimaging findings” el jueves 27 de septiembre.

—–Para conocer el programa del taller haz click aquí—–

—–Para hacer la aplicación al registro del taller haz click aquí—-

 

Abstract

It’s about Time – in the Human Brain: behavioural, neuropsychological and neuroimaging findings

Rhythm and timing are critical to music and speech, and the perception of rhythm and time is a most fascinating field to study to me. My research tackles mechanisms of perceptual timing, phenomenally and neurally, and in terms of their relevance. In my talk I will present an overview on my work on rhythm perception, integrating studies in neurological patients, healthy adults and children. I will first introduce the apparent distinction between beat-based and duration-based timing  (patients, TMS, fMRI). From there, I move on to advocate a tight yoking between the two, by discussing their links to language skill during adolescent development, as well as observations from non-beat based predictive timing. As a finishing note I will come back to beat-based rhythm processing, and present unpublished and on-going work on the neural correlates in the EEG.

 

Image: https://pixabay.com/en/time-clock-watches-time-of-2798570/

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Conferencia “Effects of mindfulness on brain electrical activity” (Resumen)

En el marco del Taller Science Art & Cognition 2018, la Dra. Araceli Sanz Martin, dará la conferencia titulada “Effects of mindfulness on brain electrical activity” el viernes 28 de septiembre.

—–Para conocer el programa del taller haz click aquí—–

—–Para hacer la aplicación al registro del taller haz click aquí—-

 

“Effects of mindfulness on brain electrical activity”

Dra. Araceli Sanz1, Mtro. Arturo Ron1, Mtro. Rubén D Castañeda2 y María Esparza2.

1 Laboratorio de Estrés y Neurodesarrollo del Instituto de Neurociencias de la UdeG;
2 Centro de Atención Terapéutica (CEDAT).

Mindfulness comprises a series of techniques oriented to the focus of attention in the experience of the present moment. Several studies have suggested that the regular practice of these techniques can represent an intervention tool in clinical conditions, since this can favor behavioral changes, as well as brain structure and activity. In this regard, works of electroencephalography and image not only have reported changes in activity and brain structure during the exercise of mindfulness, but also, long-term changes that persist beyond the exercise of this technique, mainly in areas such as the prefrontal cortex, the insula, the hippocampus, the corpus callosum and the amygdala, as well as in tracts that interconnect these structures. These changes have been associated with a greater ability to regulate attention and emotion, as well as an increase in prosocial behavior and executive functioning.

In particular, some studies that have evaluated EEG activity before and after mindfulness training, have reported changes in the activity of the alpha and theta bands (mainly), characterized by a generalized decrease in absolute power and increase in the correlation between frontal and central areas. These changes have been related to alertness, attention and sensory receptivity, which can favor more complex processes such as emotional regulation and various executive functions.

As well as “scientific mindfulness”, there are also other techniques based on meditation, which requires a detailed approach based on techniques that allow knowing, explaining and differentiating the mechanisms at the brain level that underlie the changes reported in behavioral and cognitive aspects.

In our laboratory, we have studied the effects of mindfulness training in the executive functioning and EEG activity of both high school adolescents with low academic performance and behavior problems as well as young people in conflict with the law. In the first study, sixteen males aged 12-14 years were evaluated and integrated two groups: mindfulness and control. We found an increase in both performances in tasks measuring executive functioning and in the right intrafrontal EEG correlation in the alpha1 and alpha2 bands. In the second study, sixty-five young males aged 15-23 years who had committed a violent crime were evaluated. Thirty nine males were assigned to the mindfulness group and twenty six to the control group. After the treatment, the mindfulness group presented a significant increase in performance in tasks related to the follow-up of rules and the risk-benefit processing, as well as an increase in the reaction time and decrease of the impulsive responses in a stop-signal task. In addition, this group showed an increase in the right intra-hemispheric correlation in the delta, theta and gamma bands, among frontal, central and parietal areas.

In conclusion, the practice of mindfulness improves executive functioning especially in those processes that have to do with inhibition and risk taking. This is associated with an increase in right functional connectivity both between the frontal regions and between the fronto-central and fronto-parietal areas.

Conferencia Arte y Atractores Cognitivos (Resumen)

En el marco del Taller Science Art & Cognition 2018, Manolo Cocho (Artista Visual, UNAM), dará la conferencia titulada “Arte y Atractores Cognitivos: Patrones y Puntos Críticos” el martes 25 de septiembre.

—–Para conocer el programa del taller haz click aquí—–

—–Para hacer la aplicación al registro del taller haz click aquí—-

 

ARTE Y ATRACTORES COGNITIVOS

Patrones y puntos críticos

Aquí se intenta entender la correlación entre la conducta compleja del comportamiento de la fenomenología en general, con el arte y con el proceso cognitivo que involucra su ejecución y consumo.

Uno de los aspectos de las investigaciones de las ciencias de la complejidad está orientado a la búsqueda de la comprensión del funcionamiento de patrones comunes que puedan ser generales a diferentes fenómenos y a diferentes disciplinas. Cuando observamos un fenómeno podemos ver que generalmente se repite o bien que podemos repetirlo en laboratorio Si obtenemos datos de las mediciones  de cada evento observamos que su conducta tiene ciertas variaciones, y si mediante el uso de la computadora procesamos grandes cantidades de datos resulta un rango dentro del cual se suceden todas las posibles variaciones de la conducta del fenómeno en cuestión. Los rangos totales de las posibilidades de la conducta de los fenómenos se llaman atractores y existen en el comportamiento de cualquier fenómeno, aunado a que los territorios fuera de esa cuenca donde no sucederá el fenómeno se llaman repulsores.  Esto es observable en la ciencia pero también en el arte.

Por otro lado otro tópico de la complejidad análogo a cualquier fenómeno es la cuestión de los puntos o periodos críticos en los cuales los fenómenos cambian de comportamiento notablemente adquiriendo nuevas propiedades, y esto también es perfectamente aplicable al comportamiento del arte.

Science Art & Cognition (2nd Transdisciplinary Workshop)

Science, Art and Cognition 2
September 24th – 28th, 2018
Cuernavaca, Morelos, México

The aim of this event is to foster in an informal environment, a vivid discussion between experts and students working at the interface between art and science. Of particular interest are the cognitive processes involved in their research.

The main topics of the event are:

– Visual Arts, Music and Multimedia
– Statistical Physics, Nonlinearity, Computer Sciences and Complexity
– Neuroscience and Cognition

This meeting intents to encourage discussions and promote future collaborations between research groups.

Applications are now closed!

Participants

Alejandra Ciria (UNAM)
Alejandra España (Visual Artist)
Araceli Sanz Martín (Instituto de Neurociencias – UDG)
Enrique Flores (UNAM)
Jaime Lobato (UNAM)
Julieta Ramos Loyo (Instituto de Neurociencias – UDG)
Luis Lemus (UNAM)
Manolo Cocho (UNAM)
Manon Grube (Center for Music in the Brain, Aarhus Univ. Denmark )
Panayotis Mavromatis (New York University – Department of Music and Performing Arts Professions)

Organizers

Francisco Fernandez de Miguel – Instituto de Biología Celular UNAM
Bruno Lara – Centro de Investigación en Ciencias-UAEM
Markus Müller – Centro de Investigación en Ciencias-UAEM

Program

Download Program Here

Venue

The Gathering will take place at the Centro Internacional de Ciencias (CIC), which is located on the campus of the Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos (UAEM) in Cuernavaca, Mexico.

Arrival Information

Arriving at the airport in Mexico City, we recommend to take the direct bus “Pullman de Morelos” to Cuernavaca. At terminal 1, the ticket counter is located inside the airport on the second floor (flights arrive on the first floor). At terminal 2, the ticket counter is located outside the arrival area. All buses start from terminal 1 but stop at terminal 2. Buses operate from 04:00 to 00:30 daily, approximately every 30 minutes. The ticket costs 250 Mexican Pesos (14 US Dollars). It takes about 90 minutes to Cuernavaca, depending on the traffic. You will arrive in Cuernavaca at the “Casino de la Selva” bus station, from where you can take a radio taxi to the hotel. We recommend to buy the taxi ticket inside the bus station at the counter.

Accomodation

Please contact the organizers for more information: scienceartcognition@gmail.com

Addresses

CIC (Centro Internacional de Ciencias)
Avenida Universidad 1001
Campus UAEM-UNAM
Tel. +52 (777) 329-1877/6
Beside the “Instituto de Biotecnologia”

CONTACT: scienceartcognition@gmail.com

Science, Art & Cognition: Transdisciplinary Workshop. 2017.

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The aim of this event is to foster in an informal environment, a vivid discussion between experts and students working at the interface between art and science. Of particular interest are the cognitive processes involved in their research.

Program: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1OWfBbP_9L-b29WoLRE665CiSnhSCmZd0/view

Photo Gallery:

Conferences

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Viktor Müller: Hyper-Brain Networks and Interpersonal Action Coordination during Music Performance

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Anjan Chatterjee: The Neurology of Art

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Krasimira Tsaneva-Atanasova: Individual motor signatures and socio-motor biomarkers in schizophrenia

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Ruben Fossion: Homeostasis from a time-series perspective

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Alexander J. Bies: Examining the relationship between perceived complexity and beauty in natural scenes

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Christian Huepe: Music as a complex system: From self-organization to criticality

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Christian Rummel: Linear and Nonlinear Interrelation Networks in Intracranial EEG of Epilepsy Patients

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Mari Corsi: Brain activity during recognition of emotion expressed by musical structure variations

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Luis Mochan: Light in Motion

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Jorge Useche: The psychoacoustics of musical intervals and the emergence of macroscopic quantities in melody

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Norberto Grzywacz: A Theory for How the Brain Learns Aesthetic Values

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Tom Froese: The cognitive science of art and cognition in Paleolithic caves

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Fernando Rosas: Coordination beyond redundancy: towards a wider understanding of scynchronisation in art performances

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Shlomo Dubnov: Computer Creativity and Musical Information Dynamics

We also had the opportunity to listen to Gabriela Pérez (“On the relation between music imagery and cochlear mechanics: A combined EEG and otoacoustic emissions study”), Francisco Fernández de Miguel, Pablo Padilla (“Drugs, music and brain activity”) and Rafael Barrio (“Mostly Music”).

On Wednesday, we enjoyed an excursion to the archeological site of Chacaltzingo.

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